Now that so much personal, identifying information is stored online, prosecutors and the courts are under significant pressure to take a tough stance against identity theft. Depending on the circumstances, an identity theft charge may be prosecuted in state court or federal court.
One of the themes we're following in this blog is health care fraud. We last wrote about this last summer, in our August 2 post, in connection with the role of electronic health records. The increasing use of digital records has made more personal data vulnerable to identity theft, which in turn is often associated with health care fraud.
White-collar crime is by no means a technical term. It generally refers to financial crimes such as fraud, embezzlement and money laundering, historically committed by people wearing white shirts and perhaps even a gray flannel suit.
Paper checks haven't gone away entirely. But credit cards are now so common that we tend to take them for granted - until one is stolen or there is a security breach that causes widespread misuse.
There is a common pattern in many embezzlement cases. Often they involve the treasurer of an organization who runs into money problems and diverts money from the organization to cover the personal shortfall.